Spironolactone is a medication primarily used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, and conditions that cause fluid retention. It works by blocking the effects of a hormone called aldosterone, leading to the excretion of excess fluid and salt. In dermatology, spironolactone is also prescribed off-label to treat acne in women by reducing the production of androgens.

More about Spironolactone

Spironolactone is classified as a potassium-sparing diuretic, meaning it helps the body eliminate sodium while conserving potassium. This medication is often prescribed for individuals with conditions such as edema, cirrhosis of the liver, and nephrotic syndrome. When used for acne treatment, spironolactone can be effective in addressing hormonal imbalances that contribute to breakouts, particularly in adult women.

When prescribed for acne, spironolactone is typically used in combination with oral contraceptives to maximize its efficacy. It is important to note that spironolactone is not recommended during pregnancy due to potential risks to the fetus.

Common side effects of spironolactone include increased urination, dizziness, and breast tenderness. It may also lead to potassium retention, so regular monitoring of potassium levels is necessary during treatment.

For individuals considering spironolactone for acne treatment, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional to discuss potential benefits, risks, and appropriate usage.